Ruins of Urquhart Castle from Shore of Loch Ness

Ruins of Urquhart Castle from Shore of Loch Ness

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Urquhart Castle (Scotland) – the famous Loch Ness Castle

Located on one of the most famous lochs, Urquhart Castle Scotland also known as the Loch Ness Castle has played a major role in Scottish History. Nowadays the ruins of the Stronghold are open to the public or can simply be admired from the road.

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Urquhart Castle is one of those Scottish tourist attractions that seemingly everyone in the world has seen photos of. Nestled on the western shore of Loch Ness, the castle is the perfect location to whip out your camera and really capture the spirit of Scotland.

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Although it’s a popular tourist destination today thanks to its beautiful and peaceful setting, in another life the castle played a pivotal role as a defensive position for both the Scots and the English, where bloody battles eventually led to its partial demolition during the Wars of Independence.

In fact, its age is far greater than the current ruins would have you believe and it’s known that a fortification of some sort existed on the site as far back as the 6th century.

These days you’re more likely to see bus loads of invading tourists than invading armies descending on Urquhart Castle but it’s well worth visiting, especially if you’ve got an interest in history.

The views across Loch Ness from the castle walls are superb so if you visit this attraction make sure you’ve got your camera handy. Oh, and don’t forget to grab a coffee and cake in the café – they do seriously good food in there and the view from the terrace is fantastic.

Urquhart Castle

U rquhart Castle stands on a prominent outcrop of rock known as Strone Point on the north shore of Loch Ness. The castle is ideally situated to maximise the defensive nature of its surroundings and to control the surrounding waters. Loch Ness itself is perhaps more famous for its occupant, however Urquhart Castle throughout its history has played a key role in shaping the history of Scotland.

The pre-historic records for the site itself are unclear but it is believed to have been occupied in some capacity for around 4000 years. About twenty minutes drive west of the site is an ancient burial cairn at Corrimony dating from 2000 BC. You would pass this ancient site if you were to visit Corrimony House another Clan Grant site.

There is mention of a Pictish nobleman called Emchath living at the site in the records of St Columba as he travelled throughout Scotland sometime before 597. St Columba having already made the first recorded sighting of the Loch Ness Monster in 565.

The earliest record of an actual castle on the site dates from the 1220’s when the Durward family established a stronghold there. This followed an uprising by the people of Moray to the north east against the rule of Alexander II. Durward family had assisted in putting down the uprising so the king had granted them lordship of Urquhart.

After Alan Durward’s death in 1275 the castle passed to John Comyn, appointed by Edward I of England who by this time had gained control of most of Scotland.

Over the following centuries the castle changed hands several times during the Wars of Scottish Independence until 1357. The castle was controlled by the crown for long periods of time only to be wrestled back by the Scots including Robert the Bruce.

Even following the Wars of Scottish Independence the castle was subjected to several raids by the MacDonald Clan, Lords of the Isles who controlled a large section of western Scotland ruling an independent kingdom there.

In 1452 John Domhnall (or John MacDonald, chieftain of Clan Donald and Lord of the Isles) whose grand father Domhnall of Islay had previously occupied the castle returned and successfully recaptured it claiming the Lordship of Urquhart.

In 1462 John made an agreement of support to side with Edward IV of England against the Scottish King James III. When James became aware of this in 1476 John was stripped of his title and the castle and lands were given to one of the kings allies the Earl of Huntly.

The Earl of Huntly who resided far to the east of Urquhart Castle brought in John Grant of Freuchie to restore peace to the area. In 1502 having been successful in holding the area his son also John Grant of Freuchie was granted the castle and its land by James IV.

The Grants would go on to have ownership of the castle until 1912. In this time the castle was subjected to further raids from the MacDonald Clan. In 1513 the MacDonald Clan raided and occupied the castle but it was retaken in 1517 but not before a large quantity of livestock was stolen. There was another raid by the MacDonald Clan in 1545 which left the castle stripped of furniture, cannons and even more livestock. Again the castle was retaken by the Grant Clan.

During the 1600’s there was a local Gaelic Bard and castle rustler called Dómhnall Donn who fell in love with the Laird of Grant’s daughter Mary. The Laird of Grant did not approve of this suitor for his daughter and he had him imprisoned in the castle and eventually beheaded.

In later years the castle was viewed as a less favourable residence when compared with more opulent homes such as Castle Grant. In 1644 the castle’s last noble Grant to use the castle as their home was Mary Ogilvy, mother of James, Laird of Grant. She was very unpopular with the locals and the castle was ransacked.

The castle was used as a garrison after that. In 1688 Ludovic Grant of Freuchie who supported William of Orange was stationed at the castle with 200 of his men when a 500 strong force of jacobites who supported the exiled James began laying siege to the castle. The Grants were able to hold out against this attack until the main Jacobite force was defeated at Cromdale in 1690.

When the soldiers eventually left the castle they blew up the main gatehouse to prevent it being used as a stronghold by the remaining Jacobite forces. Parliament declared that the Grant Clan would be compensated for their support with £2000. This money however was never received.

Over the years that followed the castle fell into disrepair with the tower partially collapsing in a huge storm in 1715.

The castle material also began to be taken and in 1717 ten tonnes of lead which had been stolen from the roof was found in a nearby cottage.

Following the death of Ian Ogilvy-Grant the 8th Earl of Seafield, buried within the Duthil Old Parish Church, ownership of the castle passed to his mother Caroline, Dowager Countess of Seafield. On her death in 1912 in accordance with her will the castle passed into state care.

The present visitors centre was built in 1994 and has been attracting visitors from around the world ever since.

Urquhart Castle on Loch Ness

The ruins of Urquhart Castle is a fun place to explore. Located on the shores of Loch Ness, it&rsquos an exploded and decayed ruin which has recently been stabilized by The National Trust for Scotland.

Until a few years ago, I understand it was undisturbed and therefore a rather difficult place to explore, as well as perhaps somewhat dangerous. Anyone in a wheelchair need not bother coming by, as it was a steep climb down an embankment to get to the site. That&rsquos all different now, and the free exploration has been vanquished for your convenience at the cost of lots of touristy trinkets and an admission charge.

On the other side of the equation, they added a nice visitor&rsquos center with handicapped access and a theater featuring a quick history lesson to explain the significance of the ruin. You lose some, you gain some.

Anyway, the picture at the top of the page is an overview of the site from the parking lot. You can&rsquot see the visitor&rsquos center from there, as it&rsquos buried under the lower parking lot. I do not mean to imply the Trust did a poor job here! Not at all. They&rsquove made the ruin much more accessible. The other side of that is that it&rsquos less &ldquoreal&rdquo than it was. Also, it&rsquos now equipped with little signs explaining the different parts of the castle and what they were when you see them.

Also, the tower has clearly had some structural reinforcement.

After I passed through the visitor&rsquos center, I walked through a patio and went down a ramp toward the trebuchet.

The Trebuchet

The trebuchet is a catapult, much used in siege warfare before the development of gunpowder. There are references to them in the literature of China, medieval Europe and in almost contemporaneous Arab literature. One of those involved with the building of this machine had for reference a copy of one such Arab manuscript.

A large trebuchet (the machine before you is only middle-sized) could throw missiles weighing more than 100kg more than 500 metres and with sufficient accuracy to be formidable and effective against fortified positions. This trebuchet can throw a stone ball, like those weighing some 113kg (250 lbs) that you see lying in front of the base, a distance of 180 metres. In so doing, it seriously damaged a purpose-built target wall that stood just over the brow of the hill to the south, where construction work is now taking place.

Power for the throw is generated by the falling counterweight attached to the lower end of the throwing-arm that in this example weighs about 7,000kg. The frame including the axles and wheels are built of green oak. The throwing arm is a Douglas Fir tree trunk some 8.8 metres (29 feet) long cut from the forest on the opposite shore of Loch Ness. Larger trebuchets were also fitted with buckets (rather than having fixed weights), pivoted to the lower end of the arm, into which any suitable and heavy material could be placed to provide the power. This refinement, originating in France, simplified adjustments (in that massive and unwieldy counterweights did not need to be made) since the range was adjusted by filling or emptying the bucket to vary the power. The throwing arm is cocked by suitably rigged ropes and held by a trigger mechanism. Cocking a trebuchet using ropes to draw down the arm required a great deal of manpower, and winches were often used to ease the task.

The direction of the throw can be adjusted either by swinging the whole trebuchet on its base - not an easy task at any time - or, within narrow limits, by angling the missile slide resting on top of the base. The missile in its net sling rests on the slide prior to the throw. On releasing the throwing arm, both are dragged along the slide until hoisted in the air. The moment when the sling is released, freeing the missile to do its work, is determined by the shape of the hook at the top of the throwing arm. Get this wrong and the missile will fly anywhere except sideways or to the target.

Getting the missile&rsquos trajectory just right was time-consuming much trial and error would have characterised the effort. However, once set up and ranged-in trebuchets were very destructive. The only reliable defence against them was to prevent their construction in the first place. History records that trebuchets were used to throw almost any and every kind of missile that was to hand. Dead animals (especially if diseased) and Greek Fire (burning tarballs) were among the more obnoxious objects used to demoralise and weaken the besieged.

A detailed account of trebuchets in general and of the construction of this trebuchet, and its larger sister now on show at Caerlaverock Castle in the south of Scotland, appeared in the January 2000 issue of The Smithsonian. Assisted by carpenters from this country, both trebuchets were built from raw timber by timber-framers from the US, for the making of one of a series of television films entitled Secrets of Lost Empires by the Boston-based company WBGH/Nova. From delivery of raw timber to firing the missiles took three weeks in October/November 1998. The resulting film - Medieval Siege - is to be broadcast in the UK on Channel 4 TV at 9pm on 1 June 2000. It is recommended viewing - check the transmission time and do watch it (and the four to follow that deal with other related topics)!

I then made my way toward the ruin, over the nice bridge on the paved path through the well manicured lawn. You can see how they&rsquove paved the paths and added safety railings to the walls and tower. Or maybe the picture is too small. Oh well, I don&rsquot have infinite hosting space at this time.

Here&rsquos a view of the trebuchet again, on the shore of Loch Ness.

Columba stopped here to baptise a Pictish nobleman called Emchath. His residence was originally situated on the rocky summit to your right.

A fine Pictish brooch was found at the castle a replica is on display in the visitor centre.

Sir Andrew attempted, unsuccessfully, to retake the castle from English possession. The great ditch in front of you and parts of the defensive wall survive from that time

A silver coin of Edward I of England found at the castle is on display in the visitor centre.

The powerful Lords of the Isles made life a misery for the people in Glen Urquhart from the time they first appeared in 1395.

Many of the objects in the visitor centre date from the MacDonalds&rsquo occupation, including the bronze water jug &mdash the Urquhart Ewer.

Sir John found the castle in a sorry state when he became the owner on the downfall of the Lords of the Isles. He began rebuilding anew.

Much of what you see today was built by him, including the lofty Grant Tower to your left, from where you get great views of Loch Ness.

Here&rsquos the bridge and main entry way.

Here&rsquos a really great image of Grant Tower, if I do say so myself.
Here&rsquos the other side of Grant Tower, where you can see what they did to it. I suppose it&rsquos safer now. Certainly, the added flooring is easier to handle than empty air!

A steel spiral staircase, added recently. I rather like this image.

We had almost enough time at Urquhart Castle. I got many more pictures there, but these are the best of them. I think I got pics of just about everything. That&rsquos not to say they&rsquore all worth seeing.

Loch Ness & Urquhart Castle Ruins

Be sure to read the Special Notes further down this page for important requirements and restriction.

Urquhart Castle
Once you arrive to the castle grounds, you'll be welcomed at the Visitors' Centre where you can see the exhibitions and a film presentation. You'll tour the ruins of Urquhart Castle, once a medieval Scottish stronghold on the shores of Loch Ness, and learn more about "Nessie," whose cave is thought to be under the castle. You'll arrive at the jagged ruins of Urquhart Castle, which stands next to the dark waters of Loch Ness. All that remains are a lone keep and crumbling walls of this stronghold. The Loch itself is 22 miles long, one mile wide and 740 feet deep, and derives its dark brown colour from peat.

During its turbulent history, Glen Urquart was raided every year and many cattle were stolen by the clansmen of the Lord of the Isles. It was during the last raid in 1527, that the castle itself was attacked, raiders stole everything of value and set it on fire. It was rebuilt and during 1692, fearing a siege by a group of Jacobites, the garrison chief packed the castle with explosives, lit the fuse and marched out for the last time leaving Urquart to the flames.

What you will see along the way:
After your visit, you'll re-board your motorcoach and continue on to Inverness, where the Ness River meets the waters of Beauly Firth. You'll travel through the city, an important trading port since the 9th-century, passing the cathedral and Inverness Castle. The current castle dates from the 19th century, but a series of castles have occupied the site since the Middle Ages. You'll cross Cromarty Bridge and return alongside the Firth as your adventure concludes, taking you back to Invergordon and your ship.

Photo opportunity:
Be sure to have your cameras at the ready, you just might spot 'Nessie' in the loch, a favorite photo opportunity for guests of all ages.

Special Notes:

The drive from Invergordon to Loch Ness is approximately one hour.

Steps at the Urquhuart Castle may be slippery. Guests with limited mobility are able to view the Urquhart Castle ruins from the Urquhart Castle Visitors Centre.

Bring local currency or credit cards for additional purchases - credit cards are accepted in a majority of shops, but not all.

Wear comfortable walking shoes and clothing suited to the day's conditions. Bring a hat and a waterproof jacket.

That sweet spot – so painfully short – when autumn is at its peak and winter’s bony finger is crooked in its foreboding call, is upon me. And so I headed north once more for a rare Loch Ness blog and a final Highland adventure of the year. Dotting around Inverness and its surrounds, there is arguably no finer place to find yourself than here, especially given the stresses thrust upon us this week in the form of sensational elections, pivotal trade deals and the prospect of returning lockdowns. For when the vibrancy of the seasonal turn is at its most robust, all else fades and nature still has the final say. This is one for the senses…..

Loch Ness

That even Loch Ness finds itself eerily quiet in this strangest of years underlines the scale of what the tourism industry has faced in 2020. The deep, dark, cold waters of the Loch have lured in visitors in droves since the days when Sir Walter Scott first took to romanticising the Highlands and birthed the haunting allure of this misty, mountainous and magnificent land. Yet, this autumn finds it blissfully tranquil. I pounced.

Urquhart Castle

As Highland strongholds go, Urquhart takes some beating. Dramatically set on the banks of Scotland’s most famous loch and boasting a fearsome tale or two, the ruinous fortress has become one of the leading visitor attractions in the country.

Its decidedly violent past began in the late 1200s when it passed in ownership from the Durward family to the mighty Comyns. It was they that made Urquhart the formidable castle that it remained for centuries, short as their stay was. Edward I of England nicked it from them in the run up to the Battle of Stirling Bridge – with Andrew de Moray’s 1297 siege failing to nick it back for the Scots – before it eventually ended up in Scottish hands in 1303. Robert the Bruce – forever at loggerheads with the Comyns – took ownership in 1307, making it one of his key northern power bases while he sought to unite Scotland under his kingship.

Loch Ness blog – Urquhart Castle

The Castle would go on to see a constant flurry of day-to-day activity in subsequent centuries. Although a Royal castle, David II was the only actual visitor in 1342 and it was always more of a practical and functional place than opulent residence. It served as a civic centre, law court and prison among other things. It was, though, at the centre of turbulent raiding and feuding between Highlanders and Islanders in the 16 th Century and was a base for government forces during early Jacobite conflicts. On their way out the door in 1692 they destroyed the place to prevent its use as a future irritant, and so it has sat in pensive silence ever since.

The East Shore

It is in the more serene stretches of Loch Ness’ eastern edges that its natural personality starts to reveal itself. The sprawling panorama from the Suidhe Viewpoint reveals much – the varied terrain, the brooding mood, the emptiness…..for so many of us this is the romance of the Highlands. When a gust of wind rocks you off your balance, when you find yourself wet even when it’s not raining and when centuries’ worth of human reflection and endurance seem to play out in merry Highland dances and tapestries before you. It is the blank canvas, which we can make with what we will, and it is that that endures longest in our memories.

Not much needs to be happening here, for a lot to be happening here.

Suidhe Viewpoint looking north

The Falls of Foyers, meanwhile, offer a more tangible treat. Taking the clear woodland path from the village down to the 165-foot aqua avalanche is the starting point, but there’s much to be gained from a further recce by following the River Foyers all the way to the lochside.

The Falls of Foyers The Wade Bridge on the east shore Following the Foyers River to the Loch

Glen Affric

Widely regarded as one of the most scenically stunning areas of the Highlands, it may indeed hold the perfect loch/woodland/mountain/moorland/wildlife mix. Walking trails abound and there’s plenty of rugged drama to contrast with its effortless serenity.

Aerial view over Glen Affric Treetops at Coire Loch

West of Loch Ness, start your journey at Dog Falls. The River Affric, fleeing by after a particularly wet autumn, navigates through a narrow gorge in the middle of the straightforward 2-hour walking route to Coire Loch. Deep within Caledonian pine forest, wildlife has its wary eye on you throughout as shrieks from above, scurries from below and rumbles in the distance keep you alert.

More dramatic still is the astonishing Plodda Falls, south west of the Victorian conservation village of Tomich. From a height of over 150 feet, cascading water is spewed over the precipice in the heart of a Douglas Fir forest. The falls are a short walk from a designated car park, with several viewing points waymarked including the precarious-looking platform that hovers directly over the tumbling torrent.

Plodda Falls

The lands surrounding the Falls are those once owned by Lord Tweedmouth, Dudley Marjoribanks. His vast estate spread from his home at Guisachan House and it was from here that the Golden Retriever was first introduced to the world in the 1860s. Needless to say, Harris insisted on a pilgrimage. Sadly, the House is a mere derelict shell now, but the raw and deep beauty of the land has not diminished. Tomich displays a roadside Golden Retriever statue commemorating where it all began. Owner and puppy were well chuffed.

Guisachan House ruins

Around Inverness

Reelig Glen

One of the best woodland walks in Scotland, you’ll find this little charmer around 20 minutes to the west of the city. An obvious 1-hour trail is the best way to get familiar, looping alongside and eventually across the fast-flowing Moniack Burn. Giant firs loom large, creating chilling atmospherics and a sense of mystical entrapment for the meanderer. With the leaves in full glow, like a fire breathing its last rasping breaths, all you need is some low, late afternoon light and you’ll find yourself once again in a stop-and-stare dream land.

Nearby, the pretty yet bustling village of Beauly is dominated by its impressive 13 th Century Priory. A sombre and tempting little place, it certainly did enough to impress Mary Queen of Scots who is thought to have given the village its name in 1564.

Beauly Priory

Cawdor Castle

Woodland wanders continue addictively in those to be found in the vast surrounds of Cawdor Castle. Five separate nature trails creep into the woods, following the burn and passing countless colossal oak, birch, beech and pine sentinels. Herons stare with suspicion from the water’s edge, wrens tiptoe in the camouflage foliage and red squirrels dart, bullet-like, from tree to tree. Blissful, for humans and dog strollers alike.

Aerial view over Cawdor Castle

With medieval origins – but now offering a stylish and authentic-yet-contemporary feel – the Castle itself is one of the Highlands’ best. Once the seat of the Thane of Cawdor (words to twitch the spine of any Macbeth scholars out there), the real King Macbeth was long gone before the castle came into being. Lady Cawdor is still very much in residence to this day, however, the latest in a long family line of Earls and Countesses to call it home. A series of delicate, sculpture-strewn gardens complete the visit, with a riot of wild colour guaranteed in the summer months.

Note that the Castle is now closed until spring 2021, Covid-permitting of course.

Clava Cairns

Three circular cairns lie in forever-mystery to the east of Inverness, aptly within minutes of the sobering war grave of dread-filled Culloden. A Bronze Age cemetery and ritualistic site, the cairns are thought to have only ever held one or two bodies. Given the size and effort required to construct such a thing, it stands to reason that those one or two were not mere Ordinary Joes. Clan Chief, King, God….it’s a thought to kickstart the imagination. Throw is some sombre-looking standing stones as overwatchers and it fast becomes one of the most ethereal, and slightly unnerving, sites in Scotland.

The stones were also, of course, among the pivotal inspirations for Diana Gabaldon when she inserted time travel into her Outlander novels. It was through them that Claire’s tumultuous journey began and their romantic allure has ratcheted up a level or two ever since. With a long and uncertain winter ahead, don’t think I didn’t consider the possibility myself…..

Inverness & Loch Ness Blog Disclaimer

This Inverness and Loch Ness blog post was created as part of a paid promotional partnership with Visit Inverness Loch Ness. All recommendations within are, though, based on recent personal experience and my honest opinion. While I can’t recommend the region enough for visitors, do please follow Covid guidelines both locally and from wherever you are based. At the time of writing, full lockdown is not in place in Scotland but there are regional restrictions on both travel and hospitality. Do please only visit when it is safe and sensible to do so. Rest assured, this stuff isn’t going anywhere.

Is Urquhart Castle Worth Visiting?

Yes, the ruins are so picturesque right next to Loch Ness. It was fun to explore the ruins and I enjoyed imagining what the castle looked like back in its heyday. There is a lot to see and the history of this spot is fascinating.

I enjoyed my visit to the castle on Loch Ness. You definitely get your money’s worth.

Have you visited Urquhart Castle by Inverness? I would love to hear about your experience.

Pin for Later

Swallows at Urquhart Castle on the Shore of Loch Ness

This quick clip of the swallows (or swift or house martins) were filmed under the roof of the first flooer of the Grant Tower at Urquhart Castle.

We are no woldlife experts and identified these guys as swallows. If you believe they might be house martins please let us know. They were very active feeding their young in the nests. Luckily for them the midgies and other bugs were abundent and the ‘swallows’ were diving and manouvering very aerobatically over the terrein and through the crowds at Urquhart castle.

We offer day tours to the shores of Loch Ness and Urquhart Castle, a very important and old castle ruin. This castle dates back as far as 500AD and has recorded history until the wars of independence and the Jacobites. It is historically important and for those who care a little less about the history you will find the views and the ruins just beautiful.


We wandered through the empty rooms and climbed the battlements of Urquhart as I told Betsy and Emily about the history of the place. It was April and there were few other visitors there. We had the place almost to ourselves. I described for them de Moray and his men in the 1297 CE campaign, before Stirling, out in the surrounding fields ambushing the constable Sir William FitzWarin and FitzWarin’s frantic escape inside the walls which surrounded us.

De Moray lay siege to these very walls, I told them, but could not take the fortress as he lacked siege engines. His determination prevailed, though, and he finally did take the castle later in 1297 CE. It was held by a Scottish garrison until 1303 CE when the English captured it. In 1307 CE it was taken by Robert the Bruce on his grand conquest through the Great Glen, seven years prior to his victory over English forces at The Battle of Bannockburn on 24 June 1314 CE.

After this, the castle changed hands and flags many times, fell into ruin, was rebuilt and renovated by the Grant family starting in 1509 CE and continuing as late as the 1640’s CE when it was abandoned. Cromwell ignored it when he marched through, the Jacobites attacked it, Orangemen destroyed it, and neighbors raided it for stones to build or repair their homes. It was a complete ruin when the state took over Urquhart in 1913 CE and began the restoration which saved the castle.

The towering ruins of Urquhart Castle, seen from the bank of Loch Ness below. Inverness, Scotland / Photo by Betsy Mark, AHE, Creative Commons

When I finished my lecture, Betsy joked, “This is why we bring you along – so we do not have to hire a guide or stop and read the placards.”

We went on together up the stairs and stood on a high, stone landing where we looked out over the ruins of the castle to the lovely Loch Ness beyond. It was no surprise to me that this site is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Scotland. The place breathes history, mystery, and legend but, all that aside, it is one of the most strikingly beautiful landscapes I have ever seen.

Monsters and heroes and momentous battles all seem to fade as one looks out across the lake at the far mountains rising grandly above the waters, their graceful slope and the deep greenery under a high canopy of blue. We visited many fascinating and beautiful locales throughout the trip but, when I think of Scotland, the ruined castle by the shores of Loch Ness always comes first to mind not scary or gloomy or Hollywood heroic but transcendent and timeless in its majestic beauty and the stories it has to share.

Watch the video: Monster in Lough Foyle! (July 2022).


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